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Tamaraw Conservation Program PDF Print E-mail

Table of Contents


Area Coverage:

Mts. Iglit-Baco National Park (MIBNP), Aruyan/Malati, Mt. Calavite (Occidental Mindoro) and other areas in Mindoro island where the Tamaraw are likely to be present.

Implementing Agency/ies: DENR-R4B

Short Description
The Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis) is an endemic land mammal found only on the Island of Mindoro. Despite the existence of legislations that provide for its protection and conservation since 1916, the species' population continues to decline and for the past 4 decades, it has been recognized as threatened with extinction. In 1965, the plight of the Tamaraw and the Philippine Eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyii) was given attention in the Bangkok Conference of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (now known as The World Conservation Union). In response, the Philippine Government created the Presidential Committee for the Conservation of the Tamaraw (PCCT) in 1979 to implement measures to conserve the species and its habitats. This marked the start of the Tamaraw Conservation Program (TCP).

Subsequent developments included the establishment of the 280-hectare Gene Pool Farm in Manoot, Rizal in 1980. This was followed by the capture of Tamaraws in Aruyan, Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro from 1982-1993 for breeding purposes. A total of twenty (20) Tamaraws were captured during the said period. Habitat protection became an integral part of the Project since 1983.
From its inception to date, several agencies have handled the implementation of the Project. These agencies included the Presidential Assistance for the National Minorities (PANAMIN, 1979-1983); Office of the Muslim Affairs and Cultural Communities (OMACC, 1984); Ministry of Agriculture and Food (MAF, 1985-86); Central Office of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources in collaboration with the Conservation and Resource Management Foundation, Inc. (DENR & CRMFI, 1987-89); DENR-Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau (PAWB, 1990-1997) with the assistance of the University of the Philippines Foundation, Inc. (UPLBFI) in 1990-93 & 1995; and, DENR-Region IV in 1998. In 1999, the management and supervision of the Project was again placed under PAWB. As per DENR Administrative Order No. 2005-26, supervision, operations and management of the TCP has been transferred to DENR Region 4B-MIMAROPA through the Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Office (PENRO), Occidental Mindoro.


Objectives :

The TCP is a government initiative to save the Tamaraw from extinction. It is a strategy that addresses the various causes of the decline of Tamaraw population in Mindoro.


Status of Implementation

The TCP is a government initiative to save the Tamaraw from extinction. It is a strategy that addresses the various causes of the decline of Tamaraw population in Mindoro.


Wild population and Habitat Management is done in the areas of Mts. Iglit-Baco National Park and Aruyan-Malati Tamaraw Reservation.

The Tamaraw Population Count is a regular activity conducted yearly (April 22-26) by the TCP. The study aims to generate reliable information on the estimated number of the Tamaraw in its core habitat within Mts. Iglit-Baco National Park. The Tamaraw population count started in the Year 2000 using the Intensive Concentration Count Method. Previous studies recorded the following:

  • 2000 - 154 individuals of Tamaraw
  • 2001 - 187 individuals of Tamaraw
  • 2002 - 253 individuals of Tamaraw
  • 2003 - 261 individuals of Tamaraw
  • 2004 - 232 individuals of Tamaraw
  • 2005 - 269 individuals of Tamaraw
  • 2006 - 263 individuals of Tamaraw
  • 2007 - 239 individuals of Tamaraw
  • 2008 - 263 individuals of Tamaraw
  • 2009 - 274 individuals of Tamaraw
  • 2010 - 314 individuals of Tamaraw

In Mt. Aruyan, approximately 15 individuals of tamaraw were recorded through camera-trapping.

It is the component of the project/program which aims to promote public awareness through various media and exchange of communication and technical cooperation among various sectors. This includes the conduct of biodiversity conservation lectures, seminars, workshops, symposia, etc.; production and distribution of IEC materials like posters, pamphlets, brochures, stickers, etc.; installation of billboards/exhibits featuring or depicting wildlife conservation/environmental concerns; radio plugging and TV advertisements; public consultative meetings or community dialogues; training of DENR personnel and NGO/PO counterparts, among others.

Foremost of the activities under this component are:

• The annual celebration of the Special Month for the Conservation and Protection of the Tamaraw in Mindoro
Presidential Proclamation No. 273 dated October 14, 2002 declares the month of October of every year as a “Special Month for the conservation and protection of tamaraw in Mindoro”. It aims to highlight the importance of the Tamaraw as a unique biological resource and our national heritage. This likewise hopes to encourage active public participation and support (especially the Mindoreños) in the protection and conservation of tamaraw. The TCP together with the Provincial Government of Occidental and Oriental Mindoro and its instrumentalities carried out different activities every year (e.g. Biocamp, tamaraw forum, dalaw-turo, motorcade)
• Swine Production and Dispersal Program (SPDP)
To date hundreds of beneficiaries in two Barangays namely Poypoy and Malpalon, Calintaan, Occidental Mindoro have benefited from SPDP.



Lessons Learned

Up to the present there are still information gaps that need to be addressed in order to attain the guaranteed existence of the Tamaraw, (foremost of these are the habitat selection and herding pattern in the wild, among others.)

In contemplation of such, it is necessary for us implementers and stakeholders to be receptive to modern science specifically on contemporary survey-techniques to be able to fill the void in knowledge about the species. It is a rule of thumb that only when we know the characteristics of organisms or species that we could be able to draw the best possible management intervention for them.


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